Crystal Methamphetamine (Crystal Meth) Crystal Methamphetamine use is on the rise in New Brunswick communities, causing devastating effects on the health and safety of individuals who live in them. Crystal meth use, and its wider effects are felt in many communities throughout North America. What is crystal meth? Inexpensive to acquire, crystal meth is manufactured using pseudoephedrine or ephedrine, commonly found in cold medicine. It is often cooked with other common household products never intended for human ingestion such as nail polish remover, fertilizer, battery acid, lantern fuel, antifreeze and drain cleaner. It is a crystalline drug that can be swallowed in pill form, snorted (inhaled through the nose), injected with a needle or smoked. The powder is odourless and easily dissolves in water. Street names for the drug include tweak, meth, glass, ice, Tina, Chrissy, crank, chalk, jib and speed. What does it do? Acting as a stimulant, the drug induces a sense of euphoria, confidence and hyperactive energy and audio and visual hallucinations in the user. A “high” typically lasts six to eight hours and sometimes up to 24 hours. Because it is highly concentrated, it is extremely easy to become addicted after the first use. Younger experimental users of other drugs such as cannabis can become addicted to crystal meth through unknowingly purchasing meth-laced cannabis products on the street. Urinalysis tests confirm some of Horizon’s Addictions & Mental Health clientele became addicted this way. What are the risks? To the user: The drug is a poison that starts to damage the body as users try to regain that sense of well-being from the first high. Repeated use induces psychosis and evokes violent, aggressive behaviour and associated health issues such as serious infections, malnutrition, depression, epilepsy symptoms, respiratory issues, liver and kidney damage, irreversible brain damage, heart damage, Meth sores, or open wounds and abscesses caused from incessant picking at the skin. To families and communities: Crystal meth use has a much wider affect beyond the individual user. Suicides, mental illness, shared needles, risky sexual behaviour, crime, violence, child neglect and abuse are among the secondary effects in communities where crystal meth is present. Treatment for crystal meth addiction is notoriously difficult. Typical relapse rates are 61% within one year after treatment and 25% during years 2-5. Where to get help? Call 811 from anywhere in New Brunswick. MIRAMICHI REGION Miramichi Addiction and Mental Health Services / 506-778-6111 Miramichi Detoxification Unit / 506-623-6175 Rising Sun Treatment Centre (First Nations) / 506-627-4626 Portage Atlantic – Drug Addiction Rehabilitation Centre / 1-888-735-9800 SAINT JOHN REGION Saint John Addiction and Mental Health Services / 506-658-3737 Sussex Addiction and Mental Health Services / 506-432-2090 St George Addiction and Mental Health Services / 506-755-4044 Charlotte County Addiction and Mental Health Services / 506-466-7380 Grand Manan Addiction and Mental Health Services / 506-662-7023 Ridgewood Centre / 506-674-4300 Portage Atlantic – Drug Addiction Rehabilitation Centre / 1-888-735-9800 MONCTON REGION Moncton Addictions and Mental Health Services / 506-856-2444 Harvest House / 506-388-4357 Portage Atlantic – Drug Addiction Rehabilitation Centre / 1-888-735-9800 FREDERICTON REGION Fredericton Addiction and Mental Health Services / 506-453-2132 Woodstock Addiction and Mental Health Services / 506-325-4419 Perth-Andover Addictions and Mental Health Services / 506-273-7257 Portage Atlantic – Drug Addiction Rehabilitation Centre / 1-888-735-9800 A complete list of all Addictions and Mental Health Services provided by Horizon is available here. A complete list of all Addictions and Mental Health Services provided by Vitalité is available here.